Dec 19, 2010

Fix: IE 8 Toolbars Black Background

Your IE8 toolbars suddenly appear like this:
Change your display theme to back to XP instead of Classic.
Do it using> Control Panel > Display > Appearance > Choose Windows XP Style.

Dec 13, 2010

Outlook 2010 Command-Line Switches

The information is availble from Microsoft at this link.

Available switches

The information is listed in the following format:
/Switch   Description

/a Creates an item with the specified file as an attachment.


"c:\program files\microsoft office\office14\outlook.exe" /a "c:\my documents\labels.doc"

If no item type is specified, IPM.Note is assumed. Cannot be used with message classes that are not based on Outlook.

/altvba otmfilename Opens the VBA program specified in otmfilename, instead of %appdata%\microsoft\outlook\vbaproject.otm.

/c messageclass Creates a new item of the specified message class (Outlook forms or any other valid MAPI form).


/c ipm.activity creates a Journal entry

/c ipm.appointment creates an appointment

/c ipm.contact creates a contact

/c ipm.note creates an e-mail message

/c ipm.stickynote creates a note

/c ipm.task creates a task

/checkclient Prompts for the default manager of e-mail, news, and contacts.

/cleanautocompletecache Removes all names and e-mail addresses from the Auto-Complete list.

/cleancategories Deletes any custom category names that you have created. Restores categories to the default names.

/cleanclientrules Starts Outlook and deletes client-based rules.

/cleanconvongoingactions Deletes the Conversations Actions Table (CAT). CAT entries for a conversation thread usually expire 30 days after no activity. The command-line switch clears all conversation tagging, ignore, and moving rules immediately stopping any additional actions.

/cleandmrecords Deletes the logging records saved when a manager or a delegate declines a meeting.

/cleanfinders Resets all Search Folders in the Microsoft Exchange mailbox for only the first profile opened.

/cleanfreebusy Clears and regenerates free/busy information. This switch can be used only when you are able to connect to the server that runs Exchange.

/cleanfromaddress Removes all manually added From entries from the profile.

/cleanmailtipcache Removes all MailTips from the cache.

/cleanreminders Clears and regenerates reminders.

/cleanroamedprefs All previous roamed preferences are deleted and copied again from the local settings on the computer where this switch is used. This includes the roaming settings for reminders, free/busy grid, working hours, calendar publishing, and RSS rules.

/cleanrules Starts Outlook and deletes client-based and server-based rules.

/cleanserverrules Starts Outlook and deletes server-based rules.

/cleansharing Removes all RSS, Internet Calendar, and SharePoint subscriptions from Account Settings, but leaves all the previously downloaded content on your computer. This is useful if you cannot delete one of these subscriptions within Outlook 2010.

/cleansniff Overrides the programmatic lockout that determines which of your computers (when you run Outlook at the same time) processes meeting items. The lockout process helps prevent duplicate reminder messages. This switch clears the lockout on the computer it is used. This enables Outlook to process meeting items.

/cleansubscriptions Deletes the subscription messages and properties for subscription features.

/cleanviews Restores default views. All custom views that you created are lost.

/embedding Used without command-line parameters for standard OLE co-create.

/f msgfilename Opens the specified message file (.msg) or Microsoft Office saved search (.oss).

/finder Opens the Advanced Find dialog box.

/hol holfilename Opens the specified .hol file.

/ical icsfilename Opens the specified .ics file.

/importNK2 Imports the contents of an .nk2 file which contains the nickname list that is used by both the automatic name checking and Auto-Complete features.

/importprf prffilename Starts Outlook and opens/imports the defined MAPI profile (*.prf). If Outlook is already open, queues the profile to be imported on the next clean start.

/launchtraininghelp assetid Opens a Help window with the Help topic specified in assetid displayed.

/m emailname Provides a way for the user to add an e-mail name to the item. Only works together with the /c command-line parameter.


Outlook.exe /c ipm.note /m emailname

/nopreview Starts Outlook with the Reading Pane off.

/p msgfilename Prints the specified message (.msg).

/profile profilename Loads the specified profile. If your profile name contains a space, enclose the profile name in quotation marks (" ").

/profiles Opens the Choose Profile dialog box regardless of the Options setting on the Tools menu.

/promptimportprf Same as /importprf except that a prompt appears and the user can cancel the import.

/recycle Starts Outlook by using an existing Outlook window, if one exists. Used in combination with /explorer or /folder.

/remigratecategories Starts Outlook and starts the following commands on the default mailbox:

Upgrades colored For Follow Up flags to Outlook 2010 color categories.

Upgrades calendar labels to Outlook 2010 color categories.

Adds all categories used on non-mail items into the Master Category List

Note This is the same command as Upgrade to Color Categories in each Outlook mailbox properties dialog box.

/resetfolders Restores missing folders at the default delivery location.

/resetfoldernames Resets default folder names (such as Inbox or Sent Items) to default names in the current Office user interface language.

For example, if you first connect to your mailbox in Outlook by using a Russian user interface, the Russian default folder names cannot be renamed. To change the default folder names to another language, such as Japanese or English, you can use this switch to reset the default folder names after you change the user interface language or install a different language version of Outlook.

/resetformregions Empties the form regions cache and reloads the form region definitions from the Windows registry.

/resetnavpane Clears and regenerates the Navigation Pane for the current profile.

/resetquicksteps Restores the default Quick Steps. All user-created Quick Steps are deleted.

/resetsearchcriteria Resets all Instant Search criteria so that the default set of criteria is shown in each module.

/resetsharedfolders Removes all shared folders from the Navigation Pane.

/resettodobar Clears and regenerates the To-Do Bar task list for the current profile. The To-Do Bar search folder is deleted and re-created.

/restore Attempts to open the same profile and folders that were open prior to an abnormal Outlook shutdown.

/rpcdiag Opens Outlook and displays the remote procedure call (RPC) connection status dialog box.

/safe Starts Outlook without the Reading Pane or toolbar customizations. Both native and managed Component Object Model (COM) add-ins are turned off.

/safe:1 Starts Outlook with the Reading Pane off.

/safe:3 Both native and managed Component Object Model (COM) add-ins are turned off.

/select foldername Starts Outlook and opens the specified folder in a new window. For example, to open Outlook and display the default calendar, use: "c:\program files\microsoft office\office14\outlook.exe" /select outlook:calendar.

/share feed://URL/filename

/share stssync://URL

/share web://URL/filename

Specifies a sharing URL to connect to Outlook. For example, use stssync://URL to connect a SharePoint list to Outlook.

/sniff Starts Outlook, forces a detection of new meeting requests in the Inbox, and then adds them to the calendar.

/t oftfilename Opens the specified .oft file.

/v vcffilename Opens the specified .vcf file.

/vcal vcsfilename Opens the specified .vcs file.

Tool: Script For Restarting Microsoft Outlook

Below is a batch script for safely restarting Microsoft Outlook.
This is useful for cases where an Outlook process gets stuck and trying to launch Outlook opens the application but prevent Oulook from receiving or sending mails.

Use Notepad to create a new text file and save it with the extension .BAT to make it as a batch file.
Note that the path for Outlook in this example is for Outlook 2010 32bit running on a 64bit Windows.
If you're using a different Oulook or Windows version, change the path according to your system.

The Script commands:

@echo off
taskkill /im outlook.exe /t
echo **************************************
echo Please Wait While Restarting Oulook...
echo **************************************
sleep 3
taskkill /f /im outlook.exe /t
sleep 3

echo ************************************************************
echo This Window Can Be Safely Closed by Pressing the X Button...
echo ************************************************************
call "C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Office\Office14\OUTLOOK.EXE" /recycle

Nov 30, 2010

How to import .nk2 files into Outlook 2010 (AutoComplete Contacts)

Back in Outlook 2003-2007, Microsoft used to save your AutoComplete Contacts in a cache file with the extension NK2. When moving from one PC to another, we used to just copy the file to the new machine and Outlook automatically loaded the information.

In Outlook 2010 things changed, and now the data is saved as "Suggested Contacts" inside the Personal Folder data file.

To import .nk2 files into Outlook 2010, follow these steps:
  1. Make sure that the .nk2 file is in the following folder:
    (Click on Start-Run- Type the above path and press Enter)
    Note The .nk2 file must have the same name as your current Outlook 2010 profile. By default, the profile name is "Outlook." To check the profile name, follow these steps:
    1. Click Start, and then click Control Panel.
    2. Double-click Mail.
    3. In the Mail Setup dialog box, click Show Profiles.

  2. Click Start, and then click Run.
  3. In the Open box, type outlook.exe /importnk2, and then click OK. This should import the .nk2 file into the Outlook 2010 profile. 

    Note After you import the .nk2 file, the contents of the file are merged into the existing nickname cache that is currently stored in your mailbox.
Note The .nk2 file is renamed with a .old file name extension on the first start of Outlook 2010. Therefore, if you try to re-import the .nk2 file, remove the .old file name extension.  

http://support.microsoft.com/kb/980542 (English)
http://blogs.microsoft.co.il/blogs/support/archive/2010/12/05/752806.aspx (Hebrew)

Nov 18, 2010

Fix: Windows 7 Activation Error saying the Product Key you entered can be used only in certain countries or regions

When you try to activate you geniune license you receive an error saying:

"the product key you entered can be used only in certain countries or regions. Either activate windows where you bought it or buy a new product"

This behaviour is related to licenses sold in developing markets such as southeast asia, south America and more. Microsoft's activation server is geographically oriented and cannot verify your location correctly.

Click on the Start menu, and type the following command:
In the wizard- choose your country and click Next. Now complete the Phone Activation procedure as instructed.

Nov 15, 2010

Fix: Reset Permissions on File System & Registry in Win7/Vista

Use the following tool to reset the file-system and registry permissions back to default. it is very useful after some malware or virus attack that made a mess in your Windows.

Download Here

Read more over here.

more about it in Hebrew:

איפוס הרשאות לקבצים וערכי רג'יסטרי

מצרף אוסף כלים המיועדים לאפס את הרשאות המערכת על קבצים וערכי רג'יסטרי.
כידוע במערכות הפעלה חדישות ישנן הרשאות (או ACL = Access Control List) שקיימות על כל אובייקט במסד הנתונים של המערכת.
ניהול וגישה להרשאות הללו נעשה בעזרת לשונית אבטחה (Security) במאפיינים.
במערכת קבצים מסוג NTFS יש הרשאות לקבצים, תיקיות וכוננים שלמים. ברג'יסטרי יש הרשאות לערכים ומפתחות. בשרתים יש הרשאות על אובייקטים כמו חשבון משתמש, חשבון מחשב או קבוצת ניהול (OU).

במקרה של וירוסים ושלל זבלי-רשת הערכים הללו משובשים. זה גורם לשלל תופעות משונות כמו מניעת גישה לתיקיות/כוננים מסויימים. תהליכים שנכשלים בעלייה ומשאירים שגיאות רבות ביומנים האירועים וגם
המון תקלות הקשורות בהתקנות של תוכנות. לעיתים השגיאות בהתקנה לא קשורות לתקלה עצמה. למשל, שיבוש הרשאות על ערכים ברג'יסטרי שמונעים ממנגנון ההתקנה לכתוב לאזור מסויים. תוכנית ההתקנה תכשל
ותזרוק הודעות משונות ולא קשורות. הסרה מלאה והתקנה מחדש לא יסייעו ותרגישו שעשיתם הכל אבל עדיין תקועים... ייתכן מאד שיש בעיית הרשאות- בייחוד אם המחשב נגוע או היה נגוע במזיקים.

אוסף הכלים הללו מאפס את הגדרות ההרשאות לברירת המחדל כך שלמנהלים ולחשבון ה- SYSTEM (שבעזרתו המערכת מנהלת את עצמה) יהיה הרשאות מלאות.
להפעלה נוחה שיניתי את שמות הקבצים עם תחילית ממוספרת כדי לזכור את סדר ההפעלה:
1.      כלי שייצור נקודת שחזור ליתר ביטחון
2.      כלי עזר שיותקן ויסייע בתהליך איפוס ההרשאות.
3.      סקריפט שיאפס הרשאות בכל קבצי המערכת והרג'יסטרי.
4.      סקריפט שיאפס הגדרות אבטחה כלליות במערכת ההפעלה בחזרה להגדרות היצרן כמו לאחר התקנה מחדש.

הכלים הללו מתאימים לשימוש לחלונות ויסטה ו-7
מומלץ בחום לשימוש. מי שמעוניין בחומר קריאה נוסף ניתן לגלוש לכאן.


ירון מאור

Guide: Features Differences Between Outlook 2003, 2007 And 2010

A good list comparing Outlook features and their location in the program-interface was created by the good guy of howto-outlook.com

The features have been grouped in the following categories;
  • Global Outlook options and features
  • Outlook management and maintenance
  • Account and data file management
  • Views
  • Exchange
  • Receiving Settings
  • Messages (composing and reading)
  • Calendar
  • Contacts

if you were wondering: Where do I find that missing feature I used to have on my older Outlook...?
Check it out here:


Fix: Event ID: 11 - Source: CAPI2

Event ID: 11 - Source: CAPI2

The Automatic Root Certificates Update component is designed to automatically check the list of trusted authorities on the Microsoft Windows Update Web site.  The following steps will resolve this error message:
  1. Delete the folder: C:\Windows\System32\config\systemprofile\AppData\LocalLow\Microsoft\CryptnetUrlCache\Content
  2. Delete the folder: C:\Windows\System32\config\systemprofile\AppData\LocalLow\Microsoft\CryptnetUrlCache\MetaData
  3. Delete the registry keys found below HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\SystemCertificates\AuthRoot\Certificates
  4. Reboot.
Credit goes to SmartNetAdmin.com

Nov 5, 2010

Tool: How to Remove Office 2003/2007/2010 If It's Impossible Using Control Panel's Add/Remove Applet

In cases where Microsoft Office suite is missing from the Add/Remove Application list, or it is impossible to remove it using the normal uninstalling method. You now have an easy way to remove Office using "Fix It" tools from Microsoft: Link

To Uninstall Office 2003: Download Tool

To Uninstall Office 2007: Download Tool

To Uninstall Office 2010: Download Tool

Nov 1, 2010

Fix: Outlook Hang & Crash

Microsoft Outlook could get crash from lots of reasons.
in most cases the problem can be resolved easily by following these steps:

1. Try reseting the data-settings files:
go to the "application data" folder in the user's profile
In Windows XP: 
C:\Documents and Settings\%UserProfile%\Application Data\Microsoft\Outlook 
In Windows Vista/7: 

rename the extensions of these files to *.old:
another file called OutlPrnt. is related to printing problems in outlook. you can try rename it to
.old also in cases where Outlook crash after trying to print an item (email, tasks etc.).
Try running Outlook and see if it is fixed. if no- proceed to step 2.

2. Try running ScanPst.exe to fix data errors in Oulook Personal Folders.
ScanPst.exe is a tool provided inside Microsoft Office folder. it is used to scan and fix
data errors inside Outlook data files.

You can find it here:
Office 2003: c:\program files\common files\system\msmapi\1033\
Office 2007/2010: c:\program files\microsoft office\14.0\
after running the tool, browse and select the pst file to scan and run a repair.
afterwards- try running Outlook again.

if it doesn't help try step 3,4,5.

3. Create a new Outlook Profile
4. Try repairing Office's installation.
5. Try uninstalling & re-installing Microsoft Office.

Oct 8, 2010

HowTo: Using the Command Prompt - Basic Commands

I've came across an interesting article that could be useful for the newbies who's used to be working in the GUI environment..


The article shows you how to perform basic operations. This article will show how to execute commands like changing the working directory, viewing content of a directory, creating and renaming folders, copying, deleting files and folders, and how to launch any application from Command Prompt. Also, it will show how to get help when using the tool.

check it out here at 7tutorials.com

Oct 7, 2010

Recommended Free Software Download Source


FileHippo.com aim is to provide you with the simplest method of downloading the newest versions of the best software - without the usual excessive popups or spyware and without the low quality software.
  • Only the best software, we focus on quality not quantity.
  • Very fast servers with 100Mb connections, to make your downloads as fast as possible.
  • We keep the old versions of programs, so if you update and don't like the new version, you can always return to the old one.
  • All software is 100% spyware and virus free.
  • Filtering feature to allow you to only show Freeware and/or Non-beta software.
  • Full support for resuming downloads and download managers.
  • Change log and technical details for downloads.
  • RSS feeds for all updates, categories and for individual programs.
  • New European and US download servers.
  • Update Checker to scan your machine for old software.

Guide: Recommended Steps for Fixing a PC

Following are the quickest ways to restore any PC running Windows XP, Windows Vista or Windows 7:

Software-Related Methods
  • Using F8 - Last Known Good Configuration
  • From within Windows, System Restore
  • From the OS Disc, System Restore (Windows Vista and Windows 7 Only)
  • From the OS Disc, Repair Installation or StartUp Repair
  • In Normal Mode or Safe Mode, Install Ccleaner. Run Ccleaner. Install Malwarebytes. Update Malwarebytes. Run Malwarebytes.
  • Using Administrative Tools - Event Viewer, take note of any Events related to disk or memory-related issues. The Windows Kernel frequently records the exact event that is effecting the stability of the computer. You can then lookup the Event Codes using Microsoft Events and Error Message Center or EventID.net.
Hardware-Related Methods

With the Power Off and the Computer Unplugged:
  • Check the temperature of the computer. It is possible that the CPU Fan and/or the Power Supply Fan may need to be replaced. If the computer does not include a Power Supply with a Fan, a new Power Supply with a Fan may need to be installed. You may also need to vacuum the computer case to clear any obstruction from the fans.
  • Try moving the RAM to another RAM Slot. The RAM Slot may be bad.
  • Try replacing the RAM with other RAM. The RAM may be bad. You can also confirm that the problem is bad RAM by usingMemTest86.
  • Using Crucial.com, lookup the RAM Type to insure that it is in fact compatible with the motherboard.
With the Power On:
  • Try resetting the BIOS to Factory Defaults. The RAM Timing Settings within the BIOS may have been set to an incorrect setting.
Windows 7 also includes a functionality called System Image which is a form of Ghosting. You can actually setup a backup that will image the PC on a scheduled basis. If there is a failure, you can then restore from the System Image that you made in your backup using the OS Repair Disc.

Sep 14, 2010

FIX: WinXP Setup Error "Setup cannot copy the file cmnicfg.xml"

The Problem:
During the first text-phase of setup, during the installation files copy, you recieve an error saying:
"Setup cannot copy the file cmnicfg.xml"
This error is related to wrong permissions set on the System32 folder.
What most likely happened:
- You had Vista/7 installed & you decided to re-install XP over it
- During setup you chose not to format the partition
Windows tried to delete the old Windows folder but left many files it couldn't delete due to changes in
NTFS permissions left by the former OS....

The solution:
You can choose one of the following options:
1. Format the partition.
2. On the destination partition, rename the Windows folder
3. During install, set the folder name for the installation to be different than the existing.

Aug 29, 2010

FIX: Outlook Error When Clicking on Hyperlinks

The problems affects Outlook 2003-2010
The error comes in the following ways:

This operation has been canceled due to restrictions in effect on this computer. Please contact your system administrator.
or in Hebrew:

פעולה זו בוטלה עקב מגבלות החלות על מחשב זה. נא פנה למנהל המערכת

The Problem:
the problem is related to corrupt registry settings for HTML links.
According to Microsoft you need to use this article to fix the issue:

The Solution:

I've found it much easier to follow these steps:

1. Download and run this registry fix for HTML links:
    Note that you need to extract the Reg file from the zip, double-click on it and approve the request
    to update the Registry.
 *   This method works fine on Windows XP/Vista/7

How to Unlock Gmail Account for POP3 Access

We suggest making some adjustments in your mail client's settings so you aren't always prompted to enter your username and password. Please check the following settings in your mail client:
  • Make sure that you've entered your full email address (e.g. username@gmail.com)
  • Re-enter your password to ensure that it's correct. Keep in mind that passwords are case-sensitive.
  • Make sure your mail client isn't set to check for new mail too often. If your mail client checks for new messages more than once every 10 minutes, your client might repeatedly request your username and password.
For Regular Gmail Users-  please follow the steps below to resolve the problem:
  1. Open your web browser and sign in to Gmail at http://mail.google.com/mail. If you see a word verification request, type the letters in the distorted picture and finish signing in.
  2. Close your browser and try accessing your messages in your email client again.
  3. If you're still having problems, disable all mail clients you're using to read Gmail messages. (If you use one at work and one at home, please disable both.)
  4. From the computer on which your logins are failing, visit http://www.google.com/accounts/DisplayUnlockCaptcha
  5. Enter your Gmail username and password, and the letters in the distorted picture.
  6. Once you have successfully logged in, restart your mail client and try to download your mail.
If you're using a Google Apps email address, please instead follow the steps below:
  1. Open your web browser and sign in to Google Apps at http://mail.google.com/mail/a/[yourdomain]. If you see a word verification request, type the letters in the distorted picture and finish signing in.
  2. Close your browser and try accessing your messages in your email client again.
  3. Disable all mail clients you're using to read mail. (If you use one at work and one at home, please disable both.)
  4. From the computer on which your logins are failing, visit https://www.google.com/a/[your domain].com/UnlockCaptcha. Be sure to fill in your domain name in the URL.
  5. Enter your email username and password, and the letters in the distorted picture.
  6. Once you have successfully logged in, restart your mail client and try to download your mail.

Aug 2, 2010

TIP: How to Restore Outlook Desktop Icon in Windows 7/Vista

After Installing Office 2007/2010 on Windows 7/Vista you're missing the Outlook icon on the desktop.
This icon is useful more than just to start Outlook (which can also be replaced by a simple shortcut...).
It is also has the ability to get you right into the Outlook Control Panel, same as clicking on the Control Panel Mail icon.

To restore this special icon you need to add a simple key to the registry. follow these instructions to make the tweak:

Step 1
Go to the "Start" menu and select "Run." (Type "run" and hit "Enter" after clicking the "Start" menu in Windows Vista and 7.)

Step 2
Type "regedit" in the search line and click "OK" to start the Registry Editor.

Step 3
Browse to the following registry entry:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\ CurrentVersion\Explorer\Desktop\NameSpace

Click the "NameSpace" key.

Step 4
Click the "Edit" menu option in Registry Editor's window and select "Add." Type the following in the "Key" field {00020D75-0000-0000-C000-000000000046} and click "OK."

Step 5
Go to your desktop and click the "F5" key to refresh it and the Outlook icon should appear. You may have to log off and then log back in to see the icon.

That's it!

Have fun with Outlook :)

Jul 27, 2010

BSOD Fix: STOP: c000021a The Windows Logon Process system process terminated unexpectedly with a status

you get a BSOD like this when you boot your Windows XP:
STOP: c000021a {Fatal System Error}

The Windows Logon Process system process terminated unexpectedly with a status of 0xc0000034 (0x00000000 0x0000000)

The system has been shutdown.
Microsoft suggest this article with step-by-step instructions:
I've found it easier to fix by booting using ERD Commander 2007 and using the System File Repair Wizard.
it will scan your Windows folder and will repair the corrupted files. the process takes less than 5 minutes and you're up and running again.
it is advised to run a disk scan like Chkdsk, to make sure the problem didn't raised because of a HD problem. in most cases the cause is unsuccessful updates/installations.
Good Luck,

Jul 26, 2010

Fix: Windows XP Ask for Activation but is Already Activated

Fix it using the following article from Microsoft:

Manually remove the script that interferes with Windows activation

Important This section, method, or task contains steps that tell you how to modify the registry. However, serious problems might occur if you modify the registry incorrectly. Therefore, make sure that you follow these steps carefully. For added protection, back up the registry before you modify it. Then, you can restore the registry if a problem occurs. For more information about how to back up and restore the registry, click the following article number to view the article in the Microsoft Knowledge Base:
322756  How to back up and restore the registry in Windows

Before you start

To complete these steps, you must have the following:
  • The Windows XP CD. Or, access to a folder that contains the files from the i386 folder on the Windows XP CD.
  • An account that has administrator rights and permissions.

Step 1: Start the computer in safe mode

  1. Start the computer.
  2. After the computer runs the Power On Self Test (POST), press F8 repeatedly to open the Windows Advanced Options menu.
  3. On the Windows Advanced Options menu, use the arrow keys to select Safe Mode, and then press ENTER.
  4. Use the arrow keys to select the Windows operating system that you want to start, and then press ENTER.
  5. When the computer is running in safe mode, log on by using an account that has administrator rights and permissions. Then, click Yes in the message that states that Windows is running in safe mode.

Step 2: Start Registry Editor

Click Start, click Run, type regedit, and then click OK.

Step 3: Remove the RESETS registry subkey

  1. In Registry Editor, expand My Computer, and then expand HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.
  2. Expand SOFTWARE, and then expand Microsoft.
  3. Expand Windows NT, and then expand CurrentVersion.
  4. Expand Winlogon, and then expand Notify.
  5. Under Notify, right-click RESETS, and then click Delete.
  6. Click Yes to confirm the removal of the RESETS subkey. 

    Note Do not exit Registry Editor. You must use Registry Editor in "Step 4: Modify the registry to deactivate Windows."

Step 4: Modify the registry to deactivate Windows

  1. In Registry Editor, expand My Computer, and then expand HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.
  2. Expand SOFTWARE, and then expand Microsoft.
  3. Expand Windows NT, and then expand CurrentVersion.
  4. Under CurrentVersion, click WPAEvents.
  5. In the right pane (topic area) of Registry Editor, right-click OOBETimer, and then clickModify.
  6. Click to put the pointer in the Value data box. Then, modify any character that appears in the Value data box.
  7. Click OK.

    Note This step deactivates Windows.
  8. Exit Registry Editor.

Step 5: Rename the corrupted Windows activation file

  1. Click Start, click Run, type cmd, and then click OK.
  2. At the command prompt, type the following command, and then press ENTER:
    ren %windir%\system32\WPA.dbl wpa.old
    This command renames the WPA.dbl file to WPA.old.

Step 6: Determine the CD or DVD drive letter

  1. Insert the Windows CD.
  2. Click Start, and then click My Computer.
  3. Note the CD drive letter or the DVD drive letter that appears under Drives with Removable Storage. You have to use this drive letter in the next step.

Step 7: Replace the corrupted Windows activation file

  1. Click Start, click Run, type cmd, and then click OK.
  2. At the command prompt, type the following command, and then press ENTER:
    expand drive :\i386\wpa.db_ %windir%\system32\wpa.dbl
    In this command, replace drive with the letter of the drive that contains the Windows CD.

    For example, if the Windows CD is located in drive D, the command appears as follows:
    expand d:\i386\wpa.db_ %windir%\system32\wpa.dbl
    This command extracts a copy of the Wpa.dbl file from the Windows CD. Then, it puts this file in the System32 folder of the Windows installation.
  3. Examine the output that appears at the command prompt. If the command runs successfully, information that resembles the following appears:

Microsoft (R) File Expansion Utility Version 5.1.2600.0 Copyright 

(C) Microsoft Corp 1990-1999. All rights reserved. 

Expanding d:\i386\wpa.db_ to c:\windows\system32\wpa.dbl. d:\i386\wpa.db_: 

2222 bytes expanded to 2126 bytes, -5% increase.

  1. Type exit, and then press ENTER to exit the command prompt.

Step 8: Remove the files that are associated with the script

  1. Click Start, and then click Search.
  2. Under What do you want to search for, click All files and folders.
  3. In the All or part of the file name box, type the following, and then click Search:
    reset5.exe; reset5.dll; reset5.dat; reset5.dt*; srvany.exe
    This action performs a search for all the following files:
    • Reset5.exe
    • Reset5.dll
    • Reset5.dat
    • Reset5.dt*
    • Srvany.exe
    Note If you use a different search tool such as Windows Desktop Search, use this tool to search for each of these individual files.
  4. In the results pane of the Search Results dialog box, right-click each file, and then click Delete.
  5. Click Yes to confirm the removal of the file.
  6. When you have finished removing these files, exit the Search Results dialog box.
  7. Restart the computer and let Windows restart in normal mode.

Step 9: Reactivate Windows

  1. Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click Activate Windows.
  2. If the Windows Product Activation Wizard prompts you to activate Windows, follow the instructions in the wizard to activate Windows.
  3. Restart the computer, and then repeat step 1 of "Step 9: Reactivate Windows" to start the Windows Product Activation Wizard again. You take this step to verify that the wizard does not prompt you to activate Windows again.
  4. If the Windows Product Activation Wizard displays a "Windows is already activated" message, click OK to exit the wizard.

Jun 30, 2010

Free Download: Office 2010 Product Guides from Microsoft

Microsoft has released a bunch of Guides for the Office 2010 suite and they are now available for download.

The Office 2010 product guides provide an overview of what’s new in various Microsoft Office programs and a deeper look at benefits across all Office 2010 programs, as well as Office Web Apps and Office Mobile 2010.
Microsoft Office 2010 offers powerful new ways to deliver your best work—at the office, at home, or at school. Designed to deliver the best productivity experience across the PC, phone, and browser, Office 2010 helps you capture your ideas more creatively, work more easily with others, and gives you the flexibility to get work done when and where you choose.

Source: http://www.thewindowsclub.com/office-2010-product-guides-released-by-microsoft#ixzz0sJZpdwTe

May 19, 2010

Tool: How to Recover Routers Passwords & Settings

A new tool from the best freeware site Nirsoft.net was just published that allows you to recover valuable information from a saved backup configuration files of network routers.


Most modern routers allow you to backup the configuration of the router into a file, and then restore the configuration from the file when it's needed.
The backup file of the router usually contains important data like your ISP user name/password, the login password of the router, and wireless network keys.
If you lost one of these password/keys, but you still have a backup file of your router configuration, RouterPassView might help you to recover your lost password from your router file.

This utility works on any version of Windows, starting from Windows 2000 and up to Windows 

Supported Routers

Due to large amount of router models available in the market, it's impossible to support all of them.
For now, RouterPassView supports a limited number of router models, and I'll gradually add support for more routers in future versions. Also, be aware that even if your router is not in the list, you can still try to open your router backup file with RouterPassView, because some routers are sold with different brand name, but they still use the same software/chipset of other routers.Here's the list:
  • Linksys WRT54GL, and possibly similar models.
  • Edimax BR6204WG, and possibly similar models.
  • Siemens ADSL SL2-141, and possibly similar models.
  • Dynalink RTA1025W, and possibly similar models.
  • NETGEAR WGT624, and possibly similar models.
  • ASUS WL-520g, and possibly similar models.

Test Results...

I've tested it on a file saved on an Edimax BR6204wg and this is the result:

The utility easily recovered the login password, Wireless encryption type and secret key, and also my ISP VPN and DynDNS settings (which I've erased from the screenshot..).

Cool indeed!!

Download from here.
More information here.